A record number of Democratic and Republican women are running for seats in the U.S. House of Representatives this year, according to data compiled by the Center for American Women and Politics.

Following the close of filing deadlines, a record 357 Democratic women will run for House seats this year, narrowly surpassing the record of 356 set during the 2018 election, when a tide of newly elected Democratic women representatives helped flip control of the House.

Republican women, however, overwhelmingly eclipsed their previous record for House
candidacy filings. The prior record, set in 2010, was 133. This year, 227 GOP women are running for House seats nationwide.

While the overall numbers could change slightly after the revision of state candidate lists, women also surpassed the overall record for major-party House candidates this year. This year, 584 women filed to run in U.S. House races, outpacing the previous record of 476, set in 2018.

While the numbers show great momentum, women still remain underrepresented among all U.S. House candidates. This year, women represent 29% of candidates. By party, women make up 38% of Democratic candidates and 21% of Republican candidates.

While these percentages are greater than 2018, they still fall short of gender parity within and across parties.

"In 2020, we’re surpassing the records of just two years ago, an encouraging sign that we could be entering a new era of women’s political participation," CAWP Director Debbie Walsh said in a release. "But electoral progress for women should be the norm, not the exception, in a political system where women remain significantly underrepresented as officeholders."

With primaries still scheduled in 19 states, Republican women have already set records for the number of general-election nominees in House races — 63 women advanced past in the 2020 primaries, compared with the previous record of 53, set in 2004.

Women of both parties have also set records for U.S. Senate candidacies this year. The 60 women who filed to run for Senate seats surpasses the previous record of 53, set in 2018. Republican women also surpassed their previous Senate candidate record by one — 23 women are running in 2020 compared with 22 in 2018. For Democrats, 37 women are running in Senate races this year, besting their 2018 high of 31.

Overall, women represent 24% of all U.S. Senate candidates this year, including 31% of Democratic and 17% of Republican Senate candidates. Women are better represented overall and among Republicans than they were in 2018 Senate contests, while Democratic women make up a slightly smaller percentage of their party’s Senate candidates this year.

For more information about women and the 2020 elections, see the CAWP’s 2020 Candidates Summary.